What do you know about the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him
Professor: Muhammad Zia
Our Messenger Muhammad, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, is: Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abd al-Muttalib bin Hashem bin Qusay bin Kilab (his name is Hakeem) bin Murrah bin Kaab bin Luay bin Ghalib bin Malik bin Nadr bin Kinanah bin Khuzayma bin Madrakah bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Maad bin Adnan and Adnan end his lineage to our master Ibrahim on our Prophet and upon him, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him.
1- His lineage:
He is Muhammad, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, the truthful, the trustworthy, and he is the son of the second sacrifice from the descendants of our master Ismail, peace be upon him, and he is the first sacrifice. The confirmation was that God chose him and described him with redemption (and we ransomed him with a great slaughter) As-Saffat 107
His father had redeemed one hundred camels after his grandfather, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, had given ten sons, so he vowed to slaughter one of them, but the Arabs rushed to him to spend this act so that it would not be a Sunnah among the Arabs, so the mugs came out on the camels and they were a hundred, and Abdullah grew up and married Amina bint Wahb and his father died And his mother was pregnant with him when Abdullah went to Madinah with his maternal uncles from Bani Uday bin Al-Najjar, so it is from God that he grew up on his eyes (Did he not find you an orphan and take refuge) Al-Duha 6.
His birthday, may God bless him and grant him peace:
Ibn Hibban narrated on the authority of Halimah, may God be pleased with her, on the authority of Amina, the mother of the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, that she said: “This son of mine has an affair, I carried him, and I never found a burden that was lighter on me or greater in blessing than it.”
He, peace and blessings of God be upon him, was born circumcised, prostrating himself to his Lord, raising his head to heaven. On Monday, his grandfather (Abd al-Muttalib) named him Muhammad, saying: I wanted God to praise him in heaven and people on earth to praise him…
The Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, nurses:
The first of them was Thuwayba after his mother breastfed him, as well as three women from Banu Sulaym, each of whom was called Atika – then Halima al-Sa`diyah, and he was happy for her and her people.
Then the incident of slitting the chest occurred to him (Did we not expand your chest to you), so the king took from him the fortune of Satan, and the first words he spoke when Halima weaned him (God is great is great, praise be to God a lot, and Glory be to God tomorrow and in the evening)
The death of his mother and his grandfather’s sponsorship:
His mother died while she was in Al-Abwa while she was in a place between Mecca and Medina when he was six years old, so Umm Ayman al-Habashiya brought him to his grandfather, who took care of him and made him sit on a council where no one of his family would sit and tell them to call my son, for by God he has a business.
Sponsorship of his uncle Abu Talib:
Abd al-Muttalib died while the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was eight years old, so his uncle took care of him, and he was blessed by him if they were fed.
He traveled with his uncle for trade to Syria and the hadith of Buhaira to him was in agreement with what he had of the knowledge of the book regarding this prophet and warned him that he might be harmed, so he was preserved by the command of God in the pre-Islamic era and from his enemies until God made him manifest.
Then he herded sheep when he was young, and there was no prophet but shepherded sheep.
His work in trade and his marriage to Mrs. Khadija, may God be pleased with her:
He went with Khadija’s money to the Levant for trade, and if Maysarah noticed a cloud that shaded him wherever he went or traveled, he took shelter in a tree in which only the prophets could shade. When she saw these qualities in him, her boy Maysarah told her about that, and she was of honorable lineage among her people. She knew that he was the expected prophet, so she married the Prophet of God when she was forty years old and he was twenty-five years old.
Sober mind of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, before his mission:
When Quraysh rebuilt the Kaaba and when the Black Stone was laid, Quraysh almost fought a great fight, so they chose to rule the first who entered them, and he was Muhammad. All of them all.
The Prophet’s mission and the utterance in the Cave of Hira:
On the authority of Aisha, may God be pleased with her, the first thing that the Messenger of God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, began with the prophecy was when God wanted His dignity and the mercy of His servants by means of a righteous vision.
Then the angel came to him in the Cave of Hira (so he took me and covered me until I was exhausted. Then he sent me and said: “Read in the name of your Lord who created the creation of man from a clot of clot.”
This religion was based on knowledge and contemplation of God’s creation, and the first tools of this science were the guided reading by the countless blessings of God, and the restriction of this knowledge to writing, one of its tools being the pen (N and the pen and what they write. A great creation) Surah Al-Qalam 1.4.
Children of the Prophet:
The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, had two children from Mrs. Khadija, may God be pleased with her, except for his son Ibrahim, who was from Mariya the Coptic:
The Prophet’s male children: Al-Qasim _ Abdullah _ Ibrahim (and they died when they were young)
The daughters of the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him: Zainab_ Ruqayya Umm Kulthum Fatimah (and they died during his lifetime except for Lady Fatimah, may God be pleased with her, who died six months after him, and her offspring were Hassan and Hussein, and the offspring continued from them until the advent of the Hour, and they were the descendants of the Prophet)
And they are the mothers of the believers, and they are thirteen mothers, and God is the one who married him and made this number permissible for him, then prohibited him from marrying in verse Al-Ahzab 52.
(It is not lawful for you to have women after that, nor for you to exchange them for wives, even if you like their beauty)
Khadija the daughter of Khwailid
Souda Bint Zama’a
Aisha bint Abi Bakr
Hafsa bint Omar bin Al-Khattab
Umm Habiba bint Abi Sufyan
Zainab bint Jahsh
Juwayriyah bint Al-Harith
Zainab bint Khuzaymah
Maymoona bint Al-Harith
Safiya bint Huyay bin Akhtab
Rehana bint Zaid
And the wives of the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, were numerous for legislative, social and political reasons.
When the religion was completed and fulfilled, the Almighty’s verse was revealed: “If God’s victory and conquest comes, and you see people entering God’s religion in crowds, then glorify the praises of your Lord and seek His forgiveness that He is repentant.” Surat Al-Nasr.